What is a Fire Retardant?
A fire retardant is classified as any substance that is used to either stop the spread of fire or to reduce the overall intensity of the level of fire. A fire retardant spray accomplishes this goal through either a chemical or physical reaction. The idea behind using chemical retardants is to allow fire fighters the opportunity to gain traction to stop an advancing fire.
The chemicals have been in use since the late 1970’s in order to decrease the number of materials that are able to ignite and catch fire. Items such as fabric, wood and paper are generally not considered as retardant.
As mentioned previously, a fire retardant is a chemical or physical substance that is used by firefighters to slow or stop the spread of fire or reduce its intensity. Fire retardants work by chemical reactions that reduce the flammability of fuels or delay their combustion.
When a fire loses intensity, firefighters are able to strategize the best attack to extinguish a fire. Fire retardants are also available in the form of fire retardant coatings or a fire retardant spray to be applied to an object that is at a highest risk of catching fire.
Fire Retardant Spray Uses:
Often in school districts, teachers use curtains to cover classroom windows. Due to fire prevention regulations, the fabric must be fire retardant. Fire Marshal’s often approve fabric materials if a proper fire retardant is used on the fabrics, wood or paper that is used in the classroom applications. Interior fabric fire retardant spray is used in the home to protect curtains, furnishings, carpets or other fabric surfaces. It penetrates the materials and will extinguish flames on most fabrics to help keep a fire from spreading.
Fire retardant sprays for exterior wood and for interior wood are used for a variety of wood surfaces found inside and outside the residence. Treated wood will slow down a fire by not igniting easily. It’s important to use the product specified for the locations being protected.
Wood, which mainly consists of cellulose, lignin, and hemicellulose, catches fire easily and burns vigorously with flame. As wood is used in furniture, home decoration, and building materials, it will be essential to make wood products fire resistant/retardant. It is well known that materials made of wood can be treated with compounds containing nitrogen, phosphorus, halogens, and boron to improve their fire performance and accelerate the formation of a carbonized layer on the materials.
After ignition and removal of the ignition source, combustion becomes self-propagating if sufficient heat is generated and is radiated back to the material to continue the decomposition process. The combustion process is governed by such variables as the rate of heat generation and rate of heat transfer to the surface, surface area, and rates of decomposition.
Flameproofing, therefore, can be achieved by eliminating (or improved by retarding) any one of these variables. A flame retardant should inhibit or even suppress the combustion process. Depending on their nature, flame retardants can act chemically and/or physically in the solid, liquid or gas phases. They interfere with combustion during a particular stage of this process, i.e. during heating, decomposition, ignition or flame spread.
There are several options available. Regardless of what you have, you should be able to find something that will adequately protect it. There are a number of options you can choose from including everything from wood to steel fireproofing, thus making it possible to protect many different rooms in many different types of buildings.
This is incredibly important for high-risk buildings, such as businesses that deal with troublesome and dangerous equipment. You will be able to work, live, and do everything without worrying about whether there will be a fire or if it will claim everything you own. Your building will be much safer thanks to the work of flame retardant spray and paints.
A great thing about the fire retardant spray and paints is that they are safe. You have the protection that you need; without increasing the risk of other dangers. They are not toxic and they are easy to apply, helping you to take advantage of them in a simple, safe and straightforward manner.
Many people perish in fires because there was simply not enough time for them to get out. A fire can move quickly, but with fire protection sprays and paints, the fire will move at a slower rate. This can allow people to get out of the business or the home before the fire destroys the entire structure. In a fire; you literally have only seconds to get out. There are some suppliers that do provide an excellent exterior and interior fire retardant spray for wood and wood substrates.